Build a Big, Strong Back for a Big Chest and Everything Else.

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I just finished listening to Mark Bell’s PowerCast, with guest Matt Wenning, and he was talking about the importance of back training.

Matt (in Part I and Part II) goes on to say that training the back is by far the most important thing (I’m paraphrasing here) to do if you want to protect your shoulders, be strong as hell, and, of course, bench big and support all your other lifts.

Matt himself, is a 600 plus pound bencher and a freaking BEAST!

The reason is because he works on his back A LOT and that’s one of the primary reasons he is strong as FUARK and has good shoulder health, even benching at such a high weight. He says he does about double or more of the work on his back than he does on the front. He will fatigue himself first with rows and pulls first to warm-up the back and then tackle the bench after. If he ever feels his chest hurt, you better believe he is going to destroy his back to offset that tension in his chest.

It’s because Matt clearly understands that keeping a strong body is key for long-term success, in lifting, athletics, and general health. A key factor in that is a strong back. Without it you’re asking for trouble with your shoulders, and injuries are knocking at your door. Believe me, I’ve had my fair share of shoulder problems, and I’m dealing with one now right now!

That’s why hitting the back is essential, especially if you want a big chest.

The back is your FOUNDATION for any pressing like the bench press, and if you don’t have a solid foundation everything else suffers.

Continuing to do the bench press, cable flyes, and pec deck without ample back work is a recipe for disaster. It will ruin the shoulders and cripple posture, and, ultimately, wreak the pursuit of that BIG CHEST (especially with incorrect technique that fails to incorporate the back).

Remember, to have the body we want we need LONGEVITY in the sport of lifting and strength training, and using improper training (over-doing it with excessive pressing) will cause that.

Just think about all the chest exercises and what it causes.

It puts the body into a position that tends to be the norm nowadays: shoulders internally rotated, upper back rounded, with a forward head. Almost all take this position when we sit, eat, and work at one point, and most are doing nothing to correct or off-balance this. When a lot of horizontal pressing (bench press) and shoulder adduction (cable flyes) is practiced it exacerbates the problem and MAKES THE BACK WEAK!


This is what excessive pressing and anterior work causes, resulting in your back muscles being under-worked and overly stretched, making them weak and not capable of working like they should. Essentially, they “turn off” so to speak. This causes a host of shoulder and upper back problems, which has ripple effects to other parts of the body (think links in a chain) because compensations will be made in other movements to perform them (e.g., not being able to do a squat or deadlift with good posture with a neutral spine).

That’s why we got to hit the back…A LOT!

Back Training

Image result for dorian yates back

We’ve established that training the back is important, but how should we go about it?

There are many ways, but you have to got to get really good at rowing and pulling and being able to feel your back “turn-on” and work.

That’s what Dorian Yates (pictured above) did to help him win 6 consecutive Mr. Olympia contests. He worked on his back and made the reverse barbell row famous. He learned how to feel his back work and do it masterfully.

I’m sure if you ask Yates and others like him, they will often say that when someone may work on the back they have poor posture and lack overall strength to get into a position where their shoulders are retracted down and their chest elevates and feel their back working. You have got to be able to master this position and understand that feeling.

When you actively engage the back you retract the shoulders down, which allows the back to “turn on” so to speak. That’s why if you do a bench press THE RIGHT WAY you retract the shoulders down into the bench to anchor your upper body, while actively thinking about bending the bar as you go down to utilize the back as an active mover when you press with your lats.


That’s why you must master the UNIVERSAL POSITION — shoulders retracted down, pinched together, causing your chest to get “BIG” or elevate.

Watch any powerlifter get into position for a bench press and you’ll see this in action. They have an arch in their lower back (sometimes extreme) to get the best leverage they can by retracting the shoulders down. This is essential to actively engage the back and protect the shoulders.

This is also essential for all the main lifts. We bench on our back; we squat with the bar on our back; and the back must be strong to deadlift. It’s practically the center of everything performed, so it must be strong.

BUT, if you do too much pressing this is extremely hard to do and everything else suffers. You will not be as strong as you can be if you have a weak(er) back compared to your front (chest, front deltoids, etc.).

Guys want a good chest, like Arnold or Yates, but without the foundation — THE BACK — it is not going to happen. If it does you’ll be handicapped before you know it, meaning you won’t have full range of motion and function of your body.

Get good at rows, pulls, pull-ups/chin-ups, farmer walks/carries, and lock in your technique with the deadlift and squat and you’ll be on your path to a STRONG ASS BACK.

Even Arnold made sure to hit the back when he hit the chest. Just look at his workout below.

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Now that you know go do it!

As always, thanks for reading and stopping by. If not a subscriber please subscribe.

Until next time, be strong and be you.


Photo Credit:

(Arnolds Chest/Back Workout)


CONDITIONING for Strength and Muscle Gains


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We’re all going to get tired when we train, but mitigating that sense of tiredness or fatigue goes a long way.

It could mean doing that extra set or rep in order to hit your numbers for the day ,without full exhaustion. This leads to more quality reps and work done, which leads to gains; not to mention reducing the chance for injury.

This is where CONDITIONING comes into play.

The better condition we are in, the more quality work we can do, and the more stress and work our bodies can handle.


Think about it like this…

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Imagine a bottle of water as your energy storage. Whenever you do work some of that water is poured out of the bottle. The less water you have in the bottle the less energy you have to do the work you need to do.

Now, imagine that the wider the water opening the faster flow of energy that takes place. In other words, the bigger the opening (lid of the bottle) the faster our energy is drained.  Based on that, what if there was  a way to manage the flow of your energy better, by changing the size of the lid where the water flows out?

Enter conditioning!

Conditioning will help us use our energy more efficiently and effectively because our energy won’t be drained as soon as things get tough. Essentially, instead of a Gatorade-like bottle (with a big opening) we will have a smaller lid (think squirt bottle) that will manage the flow of our energy better. This will cause less energy drainage, while sharpening our energy flow into something more concentrated making us have the potential to do more meaningful work.

So, what, how, when do you do conditioning?

Let’s break it down.

What is Conditioning

In my own words…

CONDITIONING is anything that gets your heart rate and blood pumping. Essentially, putting your cardio and body to work, typically with demanding bodily movements or activities.

This goes beyond just running or jogging. It’s more of getting a task or activity done.


  • Circuits/Interval training (HIIT)
  • Giant sets
  • Super sets
  • Functional movements: tire flips, farmer walks, sprints, shuttles, sled/prowlers, circuits, etc.

Basically, anything that will challenge your endurance — your ability to perform at a sustained level of strength over-time. It will also work on your aerobic and anaerobic capacity to do work, leading to greater general fitness levels.

The great thing is that conditioning, and the tools/implements you use to accomplish this, will add excitement to your training routine, beyond just going on the treadmill or elliptical for 20 to 30 minutes at “x speed” and “x % of incline”.

There’s benefit beyond just lifting that will carry over into the real-world and sport.

What Are the Benefits?

The benefits are many and you could go on and on.

What first comes to my mind is that it will aid your effort to lift more weight, handle more work load and volume, while helping you recover faster between your sets and workouts over-time.

Once you start conditioning, it may INITIALLY impact your “STRENGTH” or “STRENGTH GAINS” negatively (because it will shock your body to a degree), but LONG-TERM it will pay dividends and your strength will come back soon after.


  • General cardio-respiratory health.
  • Support a healthy body composition (muscle to fat ratio) and weight.
  • Help you recover better.
  • Helps boost your metabolism throughout the day.
  • Increase strength potential because you can handle more work capacity (increased sets/reps (volume), weight, or decrease resting time, etc.).
  • Make your workouts more efficient by doing your work in less time.
  • Add excitement beyond the typical training style you may be following for strength and muscle building.

For these reasons and more make conditioning a key part of your training program.

How to Incorporate and Structure Your Conditioning

Conditioning does not have to be complicated.

It could be as simple as resting a shorter time between sets, doing super or giant-sets,  performing circuits (HIIT: high intensity interval training), and the use of conditioning tools (battle ropes, sleds/prowlers, stairs, sprints, etc.), into your workout/training routine allowing your body to increase its work capacity (more sets, reps, and weight).

All these things allow for PROGRESSIVE OVERLOAD leading to more gains (more lean muscle mass, increased strength, increased endurance, increased athleticism, increased general health).

In addition, I think how you incorporate conditioning is more important than what you use to condition with — at least most times. For instance, you could  use your body and run hill sprints until you drop. That said, however, when and how you incorporate that into your training routine matters more. It matters because if performed too much or at too high intensity for too long, it can negatively impact your main training goal (building strength, increasing lean muscle mass, etc.). If done correctly however, there should be no problem.

This will mater based on the stage of your training, as in hypertrophy, general strength, power, etc. If you’re in a hypertrophy stage, for instance, it might be best to do moderate conditioning every-time you workout. Yes, you’ll be doing a lot of volume, but since the intensity of the exercises is at a lower intensity, you should be able to handle some sled pushes, stairs, sprints, battle ropes, tire flips, and the like.

Furthermore, it is important to do some form of conditioning that incorporates what you trained for that day. For example, if you did legs, then some sled pushes or sprints will suffice. For upper body, battle ropes are great or some form of body weight exercises in circuits, like push-ups, to pull-ups, to dips tabata style. Takeaway, be smart but work hard.

Guidelines for Conditioning

Since we’ve went through why conditioning is important, it is time to make sure you follow some good practices to make the most of it.


  1. Determine the intensity (how hard you exert yourself) for your conditioning based on what stage of your training cycle you’re in (hypertrophy, strength, power, active recovery/de-load, etc.). Generally speaking…
    • Hypertrophy = moderate to high intensity
    • General Strength = low to moderate intensity
    • Power = moderate to high intensity
  2. Pair conditioning exercises and activities that relate closely to what you worked on for that day (upper, lower, core, full body, etc.) with an appropriate tool(s) or implement.
    • If you did upper body a good tool might be battle ropes or a body-weight circuit.
    • If you did lower body a good tool might be sled pushes or running stairs.
    • Pick something that makes sense!
  3. Spend an adequate time, but don’t go overboard and kill yourself to exhaustion.
    • There’s a fine balance, and you have to find it
    • A good rule of thumb is when you feel like you can’t do anymore do another set or round and take it from there.
  4. A good place to incorporate conditioning is toward the end (sometimes start) of your workouts for about 10 to 15 minutes
    • The less frequent you condition (1 to 2 times of your total workouts/week), the greater the intensity and/or duration.
    • Vice versa, for the opposite. Higher frequency (3 to 4 times of your total workouts/week) results in lesser intensity and duration.
    • Total conditioning days should be at least 2-3 times per week for a significant benefit over-time.
  5. Have 1 Circuit/Conditioning day be itself.
    • Allows you to put what you train into use.
    • This workout is typically shorter than your normal training days, lasting about ~30 total minutes.
    • Be creative with your circuit/conditioning day with unique tools/implements like: tires, battle ropes, prowlers, farmer walks, yoke carry, sprints, shuttles, challenge workouts, etc.
    • Can be used as an active recovery day or a sport specific activity day.

Follow these 5 guidelines and it will help you lock up your conditioning for your training, regardless if you’re training for strength, powerlifting, or bodybuilding.

Example Circuit/Conditioning Day

To give you guys an example of what a circuit/conditioning might look like I’ll give you an example of my own.

I have a full day for circuit training, and I highly encourage it because it’s a way to put everything you’ve been working on for the week in action.

From workout challenges, to creative circuits you make up on the fly with what you have available to you, it’s a great way to challenge yourself.

It will force you to adapt to unfamiliar stimulus with “functional based movements” (i.e. flipping a tire, or a prowler push), as well as stimulate fat burning and boost your metabolism.

For me, Sundays are typically my circuit days, and here is a workout that I recently made up that I really liked (I like it after it was done, not particularly during, haha).

Below is my HIIT workout:



HIIT Circuit


Rounds Weight/Resistance Reps/Dist/Time


1.       KB Swings

All rounds

52.9lbs (24 kg)


60-90 seconds

2.       KB Clean & Jerk

Rounds 1-2

52.9lbs (24 kg)


3.       Sled push

Rounds 3-8

90lbs (weight on sled)


4.       Body Squats

Rounds 6-8



5.       Push-ups

All Rounds



6.       Battle Ropes

All rounds


20 seconds

There you have it!

Nothing too complicated; just a workout that demands your focus and commitment to get it done.

And, if you notice, the whole workout is only 30 minutes.

If you’re doing a circuit-conditioning day correctly, you will be done in 20 to 30 minutes on average. Nothing more and nothing less. The reason is that you are constantly working for the whole time, and not taking minutes of rest between sets or rounds, like normal workouts call for.

(Click HERE for another circuit that will kick your ass in 20 minutes).

Regardless, make it a point to have one circuit day per week, if not every other week.


Conditioning is an integral part of your training, and is vital to perform in some way, as you progress in your strength or muscle building training. The benefits are numerous, and there is no replacement. From fat loss to significantly increasing your anaerobic and aerobic potential to help with gains, you HAVE TO DO IT in some way.


Let me know what you do in the comments, and we can bounce more ideas around.

As always, thanks for stopping by, and subscribe if not a subscriber.

Until next time, be strong and be you.


(Photo Credit)

Warming-up for Better Gains: Why, How to do it, and What to Avoid

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Being a trainer you see a lot of different people and how they approach exercise and working out in general.

One thing I see MOST people NOT doing is properly warming-up their bodies to perform the work they need to do.

This is especially true when performing resistance training, particularly for big compound lifts, such as the squat, bench press, or deadlift.

In fact, I saw 4 people jump right into it within 30 minutes today while I was doing my workout. No sweat when they got there, and no practice of movement patterns for the exercise they’re about to do. Whether it’s a squat or a bench press, no warm-up at all.

Essentially, they’re working out without any thought, method, or purpose.

What these individuals fail to understand is that they’re leaving gains on the table. Sure, it’s great in theory that you should be able to just “turn-on” your body when you need to and perform on a dime, but since many people sit for long periods during the day it’s not like you’re just ready to perform. To think you have mastery over your body where you require no warm-up is foolish.

Anybody who lifts any respectable weight for their size, age, weight, sex, etc. knows this. Most of these people are ignorant, and making an excuse that you’re different doesn’t stand-up to reality.

If you want to make more gains, and not get screwed up at the same time WARM-UP.

It’s not an option.

Why Warm-up?

Warming-up is a MUST because it generates increased blood flow to our muscles, joints, and connective tissues that prepare our bodies to do physical work significantly better.

Increased blood flow equals increased oxygen to our muscles for energy, and primes our central nervous system (CNS) to better control bodily movements. This allows the body to become more flexible, mobile, and respond to the task at hand with greater readiness.

In addition, warming-up also reduces the chance for injury.

For instance, if your plan is to bench 315 for the day it’s not the best idea to put 315 on the bar from the get-go. Odds are you’ll probably fail miserably, and maybe even tear a pec (not good!).

Instead, take your time and start getting blood-flow in your muscles, specifically the ones you will use: chest, shoulders, back, and arms. Start with the bar, and add appropriate increments of weight that prepare your body for the weight you will use.

There is a little more to it than that (I’ll go over that in a moment), but keeping things simple, that way is a much better method than diving in haphazardly and hoping for the best.

Warm-up routines are an essential part to any workout or training that you’ll do, and if you want to optimize the work you’re doing make it a part of your routine every-time.


Let’s get one thing straight…


Stretching (and sometimes foam rolling) is a “PART” of your warm-up routine, but it DOES NOT WARM-UP THE BODY.

What “WARMS-UP THE BODY” is physical activity, like certain drills and exercises that elevate your body temperature and respiratory rate. Basically, anything causing you to break a sweat, and prepare you for the strenuous work ahead.


What stretching, like static stretching (SS), is essential for is increasing muscle elasticity.

In other words, SS allows your muscles to reach complete, or better, range of motion (ROM) for any movement that you’ll have to do: any pressing, pulling, rowing, extensions, flexions, etc. This allows for better mobility — flexibility in action — so you can perform better during any exercise you’ll have to do.


Yes, keep stretching, but do not think that after your stretch you are good to go. It is only part of the process.

The Warm-up Process

What does the warm-up process look like?


There are 3 basic steps to any warm-up routine, especially if you want to lift your best.


  1. Get the Body Moving!

The first step is what is says — move the body!

Pick something SIMPLE that will cause you to start and break a sweat. For example, you could go on the treadmill for 1o minutes, or you can do something more interactive and run some stairs or do some battle ropes.

In addition, this stage can also involve basic movements or exercises, like calisthenics (any body-weight exercise, like body squats, lunges, push-ups, pull-ups, ab work, etc.) or kettlebells. It’s great to do a warm-up circuit at a lower intensity that further increase blood flow to muscles. What’s great is that exercise actively stretches the body at the same time, which is referred to as DYNAMIC STRETCHING (DS).

DS is stretching in motion, and a simple example is a lunge. A lunge will often stretch your hip flexors while you do the exercise, while increasing blood flow to your quads and glutes. It’s like killing two birds with one stone.

The takeaway: get the heart rate up, elevate your body temperature, and increase your respiratory rate with something useful. 

2. Stretching

The second component in a warm-up routine is stretching. I like doing my stretching after a general warm-up so my muscles can be more elastic and pliable. It’s also safer to do so, since stretching may cause excess stretch to a muscle that is “COLD” (shortened).

Stretch the main parts of your body, especially the muscles groups you plan on using for the day. Stretch the hips, legs, back, shoulders, chest, and arms. Spend as much or as little time as you need on stretching. I’m not a big fan of saying you should spend “x amount of time stretching”. I think that does not make sense. Stretch until you feel loose and ready for action then move on.

3. Specific Exercise/Movement warm-up

The last part of the warm-up is to do an active warm-up specific for the exercises or training you have outlined ahead.

For instance, if you’re deadlifting for the day, doing some sort of hip hinge and pull is a great way to stimulate the muscles involved in the movement pattern for that exercise. An example would be a kettle bell swing, and a pull down or a barbell row.

In conjunction, it is VITAL that you do an active warm-up within the main exercise itself to practice movement patterns and PRIME the body for the actual demand of the exercise at-hand. This will fire your CNS to perform like it should for better performance.


As you practice and warm-up within the exercise (i.e deadlift), you want to lift the warm-up weights (lighter weights) like they are heavy. Essentially, imagine that whatever you have on the bar is the weight(s) you’ll be working at. This will activate your CNS to perform at is optimal condition.

Once you do this you’ve done your job, and it’s time to crush your workout.

Example Warm-up Routine

Below is a general routine I use for the Squat:

Squat Warm-up Routine

Pre-hab Activity


Reps/Time Sets Intensity


1.        Cat/camel (cat/cow)


2 Low

10-30 seconds

2.        McKenzie Press (optional)


1 to 2 Low

10-30 seconds

General Warm-up  


Reps/Time Sets Intensity


1.        Stairs

10 stairs

(16 steps)

10 Low Moderate


Exercise Specific Warm-up (Circuit)


Reps/Time Sets Intensity


1.        Kettlebell       swings

12 to 15

3 Rounds


Little to no rest

2.        Split Lunges


3.        Back Extensions

15, 12, 10

Intra Squat Warm-up


Reps/Time Sets Intensity


1.        Squat

3 to 8 Multiple

(~5 to 6)

Low to Moderate

(start with the bar)

~60-90 seconds

This is the warm-up routine that I will use for the squat.


If you ask me that is not too long, any anything less throws me off.

As you notice, it begins with some rehab/mobility work to stimulate blood flow to my lower back (a big priority for me) with the cat/cow and McKenzie press. After I’m done, I’ll go right into stairs and begin my physical warm-up.

It works good for me because it incorporates the muscles I need (glutes, hamstrings, quads, and hips). By the end of warm-up circuit, I’m typically sweating quite heavily with my heart beating fast and my breaths nice and deep.

One thing that I did not include in the table above is stretching.

I do stretch, BUT I DO NOT FOAM ROLL

I do not foam roll because it is a useless activity to get the body fired up to lift (even before your warm-up activities).

That is why I do it at the end of the workout if I need to (rarely). When I do stretch it’ll be after the warm-up circuit (my given resting period) or sometimes after the general warm-up (stairs).

I’ll stretch my hip and shoulder complex, back, and legs. I’ll do a combination of SS and DS, like the couch stretch, the frog stretch, use a PVC pipe for my shoulder complex, and some other ones I do (but do not know the particular names to because I just made them up or can’t remember them, haha).

You may say this defeats the purpose, but I find it works well for me. I do not notice a drop in performance if I don’t stretch compared to if I do (at least for me). In fact, if I don’t stretch I find it takes me longer to get into a rhythm and do my best work, and my hips are super tight and even hurt.

What’s important after the SS and DS, however, is that I fire on my nervous system by “warming (or PRIMING my body) back up again” within the squat itself.

First, I do a couple sets with only the bar with varied tempos for each (6 to 10 reps from slow to fast or explosive) to prime my body for the squat. Next, I’ll throw a 45 plate on each side and go from there (each time lifting with intensity like it’s the goal weight for the day). Eventually, I’ll work my way up within about 5 or 6 total warm-up sets to reach my first set at my working weight (typically takes about 6 to 10 minutes).

From there I get my work done.


Warming-up may be thought of as an afterthought by some, but in order to perform at your best, maximize the work you do, and reduce the likelihood of injury, it is a MUST.


Warming-up will allow you to get started more efficiently for the work you have planned for the day, especially lifting in the big lifts (squat, deadlift, bench press, and overhead press).

No matter your goal — increasing strength, endurance, lean muscle mass, etc. — warming-up is a pre-requisite for any work performed.

Follow the 3 basic steps above, and you’ll better turn on your  body for its best work.

(Click HERE for my free to download LEAN MUSCLE BUILDING program). 

Let me know how you warm-up in the comments, and what you do to warm-up.

As always, thanks for stopping by, and if not a subscriber please subscribe.

Until next time, be strong and be you.

(Photo Credit)

Strength Programming Update: 2017 Quarter 2 (and thoughts on your programming)

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I finished my second strength programming cycle of the year, Quarter 2 of 4 (Mar thru May), and I’ve progressed, but have a lot to work on.

First, the good!

I got a new PR in the sumo deadlift at 475 pounds, with no belt, at ~187.5 pounds body-weight. I did try for 500 after (what the hell right?), but it was a no-go. What’s also good is that my back and knees feel good and that’s really important to me, so feeling gracious for that!

Now, the things I need to work on.

I did not get any new PR in the squat, bench press, or overhead press. Sad face 😦

This “no progress” was due to various factors. The first factor is that I strained my right shoulder, specifically my anterior deltoid. I have full range of motion (ROM), but any pressing in the transverse plane (a.k.a. the bench press) is a no-go for me. This occurred in mid April and I’m still rehabing the injury today (beginning of June). That said, however, it’s a lot better, even though I re-aggravated it coming back too soon a couple weeks ago.

The second thing is that I was training at at a higher intensity for too long than I should have, causing my body to fatigue beyond what was manageable. At the time of my program construction I failed to realize that would be the case. Beats me of how it slipped by me.

(Review my Q1 and programming for Q2 by clicking HERE)

All-in-all, progress is still progress, so I’m moving in the right direction, even though I had to put some things on hold. What’s important is that I realized my programming mistakes, and understand that moving forward.

Below is a chart below that summarizes my current stage of progress for Quarter 2 of training:

Second Quarter Programming Recap (Mar-May 2017)
Lift Starting Q1 Max (lbs.) Ending Q2 Max (lbs.) Total Increase (decrease) (lbs.)
1.      Squat 385 385 0
2.      Bench Press 295 ?
3.      Deadlift 465 475 10
4.      Overhead Press 185 ?
Totals 1340 ? 10
BODY WEIGHT 188 187.5 (~.5)

What’s next?

It’s time for me to start my new program, and I’m already into it.

What is frustrating is that I’m not sure how to progress through an injury that still needs time to heal while keeping pace with what I’m trying to do (get stronger at the same body weight). That said. I’m in a hypertrophy and conditioning stage, so I’m upping the volume and my conditioning to improve cardio endurance and also lose fat, and hopefully replace it with muscle. It’s not a lean bulk, per se, but more of a re-composition. Hard? Yes, but I know I can do it and I’m starting to feel the difference in my body already, by feeling my body be a little tighter and defined.

Regardless, I’m excited to move forward because I know my mistakes and know how to fix them. As a result, I’m going to use 5-3-1 as the base of my program while adding some additions (conditioning) to specific things that I value.

Below is what my training regimen for Quarter 3 (Jun-Aug) will look like:

Quarter 3 Training Cycle (Jun-Aug 2017)
Week Focus Adaptation
1 Volume Hypertrophy
2 Volume Hypertrophy
3 Volume Hypertrophy
4 5s Strength
5 3s Strength
6 1s Strength
7 Deload Active Recover
8 5s Strength
9 3s Strength
10 1s Strength
11 Deload Active Recover
12 Test Max
Maintain Body-weight within 187-189 lbs

As you may notice, the program is basic and simple and that’s my goal for this cycle — keep it simple. That’s why Jim Wendler created 5/3/1 in the first place. A simple program that gives you the opportunity to improve without having to think about what to do each time you go in the gym. Instead, you just work and get what you need to get done…done.

That said, I will follow the template from my own program — Lean Muscle Building — by doing a 4-day split for the big four lifts (squat, bench press, deadlift, and overhead press) with an extra circuit and conditioning day to make 5 total days.

Below is what my weekly workout schedule will look like (based upon my current work and life schedule):

Weekly Schedule


Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday




Squat Bench Press Off Deadlift Overhead Press


That’s my current weekly schedule, and as I experienced before, I’ll adjust if need be.

Final Thoughts

Lastly, for your own programming it is important to keep things simple, and that was one of my biggest mistakes for my last training cycle in Q2. I think I was so excited from Q1’s training cycle that I assumed I had to make things “more complex” to keep progressing. Yes, you have to do things that challenge you in new and varied ways to continue progressing, but that does not mean you make matters more complicated than what they should be. That was my first pitfall.

My second mistake is that I was a little (maybe a lot) over confident in what I could do. It is good to have faith in yourself — absolutely — but at the same time you have to be careful you do not get carried away. Again, our ULTIMATE goal is progress, and more specifically, slow and steady progress leading to BIG CHANGES over time. That’s our goal (at least mine). I jumped the gun, and that is what lead to my setbacks.

The last area I need to improve on is recovery. Specifically, getting better and more consistent sleep. This means going to bed before 11 and having a set wake-up time everyday, even weekends. Throw in short naps where appropriate and I’ll have a better chance to recover like I should. Ultimately, you can only grow and progress from hard training based on how good your recovery is.

Recover poor and you don’t have progress (or as much).

Be consistent and you will get there. I’ll remind myself of that as I continue on.

As always, thanks for reading.

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Until next time, be strong and be you.

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Thoughts on Gains: Working Around Injury

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It will happen in some severity and form, regardless of how careful and measured we are in on our training.

If you read my article on sub-maximal training you will understand that things will happen despite our best efforts at preventing  it from ever happening.

This is given proper training methodologies, and doing your best to recover.  Some injuries will just occur because sometimes shit just happens.

With that said, however, when it does, it should not leave us paralyzed and incapable of doing work and our effort to keep progressing, or at least maintaining most, if not all, of our strength.

Before we move any further, let me make clear that I am referencing minor to moderate injury and not severe injury. If you have a severe injury to any part of your body, whether a severe strain, sprain, broken bone(s), or the like, get immediate medical attention, and proper treatment with proper subsequent rehabilitation.

For all the other stuff, the minor to moderate injuries, most commonly strains or sprains to different parts of the body, it is possible to work around it, and still keep your gains and even make more.

How do you do it?

Let’s explore 3 basic steps to do so.

Step 1: Understand Your Injury

The first step in working around your injury is to understand your injury.

If you do not know what is injured, or have an idea of what it is, then it is just about impossible to do any good work without making the situation worse.

For instance, if you injured your shoulder it could be host of different things. It could be a strain to your deltoid muscle, or you could have done something more severe and torn the intricate muscles and connective tissue involved in your rotator cuff. It is important to understand differences by being able to pinpoint where and how the injury happened, is it acute or chronic, and whether or not it is something severe enough that requires medical attention.

Assuming that it is not serious and requires immediate medical attention (meaning: you have no use of that part of your body and have severe sharp pain with any movement associated with that part), it is a good idea to listen to your body by understanding what movements cause pain and discomfort.

To go back to the shoulder injury, I will use myself as an example. A few weeks back, I tweaked my right shoulder during the bench press. My set up was off and while un-racking the bar my right should was in an awkward position behind me (I was reaching too far back, essentially) causing me to feel something “OFF” in my right shoulder. It wasn’t a clear crack, tear, or anything of that sort, but an awkward feeling where I knew that something was wrong in my front deltoid area. I experienced very minor pain afterwards, but nothing serious enough to effect my performance. Fast forward a couple weeks I re-aggravate it in the bench press again — same movement pattern —  and could tell that something was off. A week later, my ego got in the way and I felt it strain (it got really tight and was starting to reach a clear breaking point).

Luckily, nothing tore completely. No pops, crunches, or anything of that sort, and good news is that I have worked through other injuries before, more serious than this (knock on wood, at least), so I know I can come back. That said, I need to understand my own injury.

Based on my knowledge, experience, research, and opinions of other professionals, I know that it involves my deltoid in some way because I have pain in pressing movements, and when I bring my arm in front and above me (where the deltoid is in play). I know it’s not a more serious injury because I have experienced a torn labrum in the same shoulder, and know the feeling and impingement it brings. Furthermore, I have full range of motion, but only pain in certain movements of the arm (elevating my arm in front of me, and horizontal/upward pressing motions). I can also do any rowing and pulling with almost no problem.

Based on these facts, and given I have swelling in the front part of my shoulder it all points toward my superficial muscle (muscle closest to the surface) — a.k.a. the deltoid. Thus, I can do corrective action to aid in the healing process of the muscle by doing things, like P-R-I-C-E (Protect, Rest, Ice, Compress, and Elevate), deep tissue massage (shout out to an amazing trainer at my gym named Jamie for helping me), and avoiding movements that primarily incorporate the deltoid muscle (primarily any pressing and elevating motions).

If you need help understanding your injury a simple google search on the area you hurt will help. I’m not advocating you self-diagnose yourself, and become a doctor. No. But, I am advocating you understand your body better, so some research on the area affected won’t hurt.

After you gather your research on your injury, and any evaluation from a professional, or a person with valuable perspective and knowledge of the injury, it’s time to get a game-plan going to stay in shape.

Step 2: Adjusting Your Training

Now that you understand your injury good enough to move forward and not make it worse, it is time for adjustments.

You want to adjust 2 main things:

First, is to avoid movement patterns, or exercises, that aggravate the injury in any significant way.

For example, using my shoulder injury, any pressing and shoulder elevation movements for me is a “no-go”. This will take out the bench press, overhead press, and any shoulder focused exercises, such as front raises. Do not test an injury when you know you shouldn’t be testing it. In other words, give it time to heal and come back slow and steady, which is what I failed to do. I “jumped the gun”, so avoid my mistake, and discipline yourself to let it heal (whether it’s days, weeks, or months). This is the hardest thing, at least for me, because not training a part of your body sucks. But, it needs time, so give it time.

Second, you want to continue your planned training to the best of your ability.

With my right shoulder injury, for example, I can still work legs, and pulling is not really a problem, which makes the squat and deadlift a full-go. In fact, yesterday I hit a heavy single in the deadlift at 455 pounds with no belt, which is almost my max (this week’s plan was heavy singles because I am peaking after my de-load next week). It went up the best it’s ever been, and I had no issue what soever with my shoulder.

Just because you may be compromised by an injury, in some way, it does not make you incapable at keeping pace with your expected training program, or regimen. Of course, know your limits, and gradually progress to certain thing that may cause issue for any type of injury. That said, don’t be afraid to push yourself and progress like you intend to. Keep pace with your programming plan as close to it as you can.

Step 3: Proper recovery

The last step is to do your best to perform proper recovery methods for your injury.

This includes, but not limited to:

  • Proper stretching
  • Low-impact exercises and movement to stimulate blood flow
  • Deep-tissue massage to break up scar tissue
  • Adequate rest and good nutrition to heal the injury site
  • A positive attitude.

Again, not pushing your injury beyond what is capable of is important, but completely immobilizing the injury site is a big “no-no”

Remember, blood flow = recovery.

Movement helps stimulate blood flow to tissue, especially ligaments, tendons, and other connective tissue, which provides nutrients to the injured areas for healing. No blood flow equals no recovery, so don’t forget to move.


Do movement and low impact stretching, and massage, if possible, to break up any scar tissue and knots you have in the muscle and tissue around the injury. This will help increase blood flow, and allow a more efficient and complete recovery.

Lastly, you have to have a positive attitude through this whole process. It is SO easy to get discourage and not train with the intensity you normally do, so do anything and everything to stay positive. Keep your disciplines and habits of what your training consists of, like maintaining your training schedule, prepping your meals, stretching, etc., to keep you on track.

Regardless, be smart and active in your recovery approach.


No one likes getting injured and it tends to happen when we’ve been pushing to hard, or we just have unfortunate luck. However, we can continue training in other ways, and come back stronger than before if we imploy the adjustments and practices outlined above.

It’s up to us to recover and protect our injury site the best we can to give it the time it needs to heal. Ironically, it is our obligation to not “BABY” it, as well. Keep as much movement as possible to prevent atrophy and impaired mobility, and you’ll be more efficient with the recovery process.

Keep your training at the expected level and pace you have been going for what you are able to do. This will depend on the injury, of course, but don’t be afraid to train with intensity. This is also a good time to increase work in other areas that may be of concern for you, since a chunk of your workload is taken out with injury. Continue to move forward and you’ll be on your way to more gains.

Thanks for reading.

Leave your thoughts below.


Catch you next time.

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A Message to My Clients (And All Who Workout)

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Dear Amazing Person,

You’re here or you’ve been here for a time. How’s it been so far? Think about it for a minute, and reflect on the journey that has lead you to this point, and what progress you have or have not had, thus far. Are you pleased with the progress, or find yourself disappointed? Maybe both?

Answer truthfully.

Based on your answer, write down what you have done good and what you can do better. It could be three things, or five. Write down some notes on what you have done, and what matters to you and where you want to go.

And, let’s stop for a minute. Let’s think about where you want to go. What is your plan? What is your purpose coming to the gym, being physically active, and the ultimate vision you see for yourself in your health, and where working out and training fits in. Basically, think about your why, and why you are doing this and going through this process.

If it’s just to have a good workout that makes you sweat then you are missing the BIGGER picture. Sure, a workout that makes you sweat a lot, and sore is a good feeling to have. You know what is also a good feeling? Sustained progress over time that leads to BIG changes.

In our microwave society, everything has a short-term mindset and attention span causing us to lose sight of the bigger picture of what our full potential may be. Your health is one of those “BIGGER PICTURE” things. Some would argue, maybe the most important. If we don’t have our health then what do we have? Problems. That is what we have. Chronic health impairments that plague our day-to-day lives.

Dramatic? Yes, to a degree, but can we really enjoy life and everything it brings if we are always tired, sick, and overweight? To a point, yes, but nowhere near to its fullest potential if we are healthy. Health brings clarity, energy, hunger, and passion that fills our life with great opportunity to enjoy what it can offer. When we neglect our health and become burdened with excess stress it makes it hard to accomplish. Thus, we must never neglect our bodies, and let it take a backseat because our lives are “busy.”

Everyone’s life is busy, and we all have problems. Using that as an excuse to not show up is, quite frankly, unacceptable. Improvements and the results you want, like weight and fat loss, muscle gain, increased functionality of your body, elevated vitality, etc., don’t come with excuses. They disappear when you use them. Thus, finding ways to PRIORITIZE your health, and develop disciplines and good habits that make health an integral part of your life and something you never forget is paramount.

It is an absolute necessity.

Next time you think about not going to the gym, or coming to a session, because work was hard, you feel tired, parts of your body are beat up, so what? Who cares? No one does besides you. That’s why you need to come anyway. If you went to the gym only when you felt good it wouldn’t be much, if at all. That is why you just have to show up. Show up because it’s a chance to improve you and your health.

The gym is one of the few places where it is encouraged to do better and become better openly. You do not have to hide it, and you should never forget that. The gym is your place to grow, and a tool to become a better you, and should not be thought of as just a place to “sweat” and “workout”. If that is your mentality you will get mediocre results. If you want extraordinary results, for you, elevate your mindset, and expand it by creating a vision for yourself and where you want to go. Going to the gym and working out is a core component of this physical fitness vision, but not a mutually exclusive activity. It serves the larger picture for you in this process.

Do you have to do cardio…do you have to lift weights…do you have to stretch? Yes. Yes, you do. If you want to have a strong body capable of all physical movements, with no, or little, impingement, impairment, or defect then the answer is “yes.” You have to do all those things, and more, in some way, and find what works for you and what gets you excited. This will make physical fitness at the forefront of your thoughts and not an afterthought.

Motivation certainly helps in this process, but is not a requirement, at all times.

What is THE requirement is a COMMITMENT to a better you and the process of betterment through fitness to improve physical health.

It is because it is more than physical. It is mental, and, even, spiritual. You should be able to test and connect with yourself, and discover new things about you that lead to a better you, during this ever adapting and evolving training process, no matter how small the improvements or progress that happens.

Next time you think about not showing up ask yourself how is that (not showing up) helping me?

Answer is it’s not. You cannot get better and move closer toward your goals if you do not show up, and put in the work. It is impossible. There is no magic pill, or formula, and never will be. Thus, might as well accept the process and the work you’ll have to do to achieve the greater vision you have for yourself. Remember, you cannot be disappointed in something that you did not work for.

Accept responsibility and your current circumstances and it will make a huge difference at moving forward and getting into better shape. You can get the health you want it will just take a dedicated and consistent work ethic, and some time. Coming to the gym is a healthy habit of the larger picture for achieving the level of shape and health you want. Consistently not showing up goes against this and you move further away from your ideal health for yourself.

Show up, get better, and use every little improvement as momentum to keep driving you forward. This, over time, will give you the results you’re looking for (or damn close to it).

Thanks for reading.

Best Regards,



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Thoughts on Gains: Vertical Dieting

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If you’re into lifting and don’t know who Stan Efferding is then shame on you!

(Click HERE to learn more about the White Rhino and visit his YouTube page HERE).

If you do then I’m sure you have heard him talk about his diet routine when he was competing in powerlifting and bodybuilding, especially when training with Flex Wheeler.

Listen to him enough, and you might hear him say something called “VERTICAL DIET.”

When I heard Stan say and describe this diet philosophy I got excited. The reason is  because that is exactly how I structure my own diet!

I was shocked, and excited to know that I follow the same diet philosophy as Stan. This made me say “I must be doing something right.”

Jokes aside, once Stan started to break down and share some thoughts on vertical dieting it all clicked for me. I realized that I was doing something that was maximizing the hard work I put in to the gym. This made me happy and excited to share the idea with everyone listening.

If you listen to the latest Juggernaut Training Systems (JTS) podcast with Stan (click HERE to watch on YouTube) he goes over this in more detail. He shares this was the diet he was on when he broke his records in powerlifting that helped him achieve a 2,303 total in his 40’s. Crazy.

Regardless, Stan is planning on releasing an eBook on vertical dieting in the future, but, in the meantime, I’ll break it down for you here in my own words, with my thoughts on the diet.

What is Vertical Dieting?

Vertical dieting is having a narrow selection of foods for carbs, fats, and protein that aim to maximize the nutrient density of what you are eating .

For instance, instead of having a wide spectrum of different foods on a daily and weekly basis, instead, you would have a small group of foods with a high nutrient density that constitute each macronutrient (protein, carbs, and fats).

For carbs, you may have rice, sweet potatoes, and oats. Protein, might be chicken, eggs, and steak. Fats might be avocado, coconut oil, and almonds. Throw in a select group of vegetables and fruits and you are set.

The purpose of a vertical diet is to BUILD EFFICIENCY.

Eating a narrow range of foods for each macronutrient allows this to happen because you train your body’s digestive system to be efficient at breaking down those foods, and getting the maximum nutrient absorption from it. This, in theory, causes less stress on your digestive system because it is not dealing with a diverse range of foods to digest, which may decrease the likelihood of inflammation in the gut.

This, over time, leads to less time the food is in your digestive system overall, which promotes greater meal frequency, less bloating in the gut, and enhances the chances you can use the actual nutrients from the foods you eat to their fullest potential when eaten.

Again, efficiency that leads to greater results from the nutrients consumed.

Concerns With Vertical Dieting

The largest concern with vertical dieting is whether or not you are getting the adequate micronutrients that your body needs, like vitamins and minerals.

Short answer is that you are.

This is my opinion, at least.

Vertical dieting may seem counter intuitive to one of the most popular notions in dieting — “eating a wide and diverse range of food to cover all the nutrients that your body needs” — but the vertical diet philosophy satisfies this. It’s because it is all about building efficiency at breaking down the foods you consume and the nutrients they hold. If you eat dense foods on this diet, which is recommended, then you should have no problem.

For example, if you pick carb sources that lack nutrient density, such as white bread and pasta, then you may have a problem with certain B-vitamins and fiber. However, if you pick brown rice, sweet potatoes, oats, and/or maybe quinoa as your primary sources of carbs then you are eating nutrient rich foods that provide you with plenty of micronutrients and fiber that your body demands. As a result, eating a select 2 or 3 dense sources of carbs, or any macronutrient, will give you a high return on your investment (ROI) for the food you eat.

This aids in the recovery process after hard workouts, so your muscles and surrounding tissues get the nutrients they need to repair and grow back stronger, faster, resulting in muscle hypertrophy and strength gains.

Another concern with vertical dieting is that it gets boring, and thus, not sustainable long-term.

This may be true to an extent, but if your goal is truly to maximize your muscle and strength gains then it is something that you will just have to get over.

Also, you can mix and match your food, add spices, and cook your food in different ways that make it more appetizing.

Finally, I believe the 80/20 rule applies to the vertical diet, like many other diets. For example, if 80% of the foods you eat are the foods within your vertical diet, then you can leave the last 20% to eat different types of food. This does not mean you binge on McDonald’s and Krispy Kreme over the weekend, but it means you might have something different than what’s on the menu most days.

This way you are still getting much of the benefits of vertical dieting, yet adding some flavor to your diet and breaking up some of the monotony.


Like with any diet, vertical dieting aims at giving you results. For this diet, in particular, it will help you have less decision fatigue of foods to eat. This makes preparing your food easier, which lessens the probability of eating out or choosing poor quality foods.

The vertical diet will also allow you to improve your digestive system’s efficiency at breaking down food, making it easier, over time, to absorb the nutrients found in the foods that you are eating in this diet philosophy. This will aid you in your recovery efforts after hard workouts by having greater ability to assimilate the nutrients found in the foods that you are eating. Thus, improving the likelihood for more gains.

Through this and improvements in increasing your ability to meet your meal frequency goals, along with decreasing your chances for bloating and inflammation in the gut, makes it worth trying.

If you doubt this philosophy I encourage you to give it a try because it easily fits any style of diet, such as paleo, keto, slow-carb, vegan, 33/33/33, etc. It is because the vertical diet allows you to pick and choose the best foods for you in each diet type giving you the ability to satisfy those requirements. This makes it sustainable for you while receiving the benefits of a vertical diet, as opposed to a horizontal one that allows you to eat anything in sight.

Leave me a comment down below and tell me what you think about this, and what it means for your diet.

As always, thanks for stopping by and reading.

Until next time, be strong and be you.

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